Schemes

Seed Supply By Department Of Agriculture

Objectives
  1. Seed is a critical determinant in increasing the Agricultural production.
  2. The performance and efficiency of other inputs depends on the quality of seed. Certified/quality seed plays an important role in achieving higher yields.
  3. Hence supply of quality seed to the farmers is one of the most important interventions to increase the production and productivity of any crop.
  4. To bring more area under cultivation certified or quality seed must be supplied at affordable prices and in adequate quantities to the farmers.
  5. The area under cultivation is not going to increase significantly; the thrust will have to be on rising productivity per unit of cultivated land.

The availability and use of quality seed is not a onetime affair. Sustained increase in agriculture production and productivity necessarily requires continuous development of new and improved varieties of crops and efficient systems of production (Seed Chain) and supply of Certified/Quality seed to farmers. In Andhra Pradesh the Seed production chain is being strengthened by producing various classes of seed i.e. Breeder seed, Foundation seed and certified seed by different Government and Private Institutions. The certified/quality and improved seed thus produced is being distributed to the farmers through the various Central and State schemes. This is one of the most effective way of increasing the production and productivity at the field level. Supply of seed on subsidy means the average farmers are able to purchase the most critical input in agriculture i.e. seed at affordable price which will help in achieving desirable increase in production and productivity. The main thrust while supplying the seed on subsidy is for varietal replacement and availability of quality seed to farming community. In order to achieve the food production target of the future, a major effort will be required to enhance the seed replacement rate of various crops. It would require a major increase in the production of certified/quality seed.



Supply Under Different Schemes

Seed Supply Plan for Kharif, 2019 and Rabi 2019-20 was prepared based on the district wise, season wise seed requirement as furnished by the District Joint Directors of Agriculture in the State. It is proposed to distribute 22.03 lakh qtl of seed during 2019-20 out of which a quantity of 11.83 lakh qtl is planned to be supplied under subsidy with a subsidy value of Rs 32634.33 Lakhs.

Arrangements are already made for supply of quality seed on subsidy to the farmers under various schemes as detailed below:

  1. National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
  2. Rastriya Krishi VikasYojana (RKVY)
  3. National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOPS)
  4. Supply of seed on subsidy to the farmers (Non-plan)

The availability and use of quality seed is not a onetime affair. Sustained increase in agriculture production and productivity necessarily requires continuous development of new and improved varieties of crops and efficient systems of production (Seed Chain) and supply of Certified/Quality seed to farmers. In Andhra Pradesh the Seed production chain is being strengthened by producing various classes of seed i.e. Breeder seed, Foundation seed and certified seed by different Government and Private Institutions. The certified/quality and improved seed thus produced is being distributed to the farmers through the various Central and State schemes. This is one of the most effective way of increasing the production and productivity at the field level.

Supply of seed on subsidy means the average farmers are able to purchase the most critical input in agriculture i.e. seed at affordable price which will help in achieving desirable increase in production and productivity. The main thrust while supplying the seed on subsidy is for varietal replacement and availability of quality seed to farming community. In order to achieve the food production target of the future, a major effort will be required to enhance the seed replacement rate of various crops. It would require a major increase in the production of certified/quality seed.


Crop Wise Subsidy Seed Requirement & Subsidy Amount Required During 2019-20

S.NO Crop Kharif, 2019 Rabi 2019-20 Total
Seed requirement in Qtls Subsidy Rs in Lakhs * Seed requirement in Qtls Subsidy Rs in Lakhs * Seed requirement in Qtls Subsidy Rs in Lakhs *
1 Ground nut 442339 10793.071 29438 718.2872 471777 11511.3588
2 Paddy 180599 2440.39 14180 118.6 194779 2558.99
3 Red gram 4245 118.625 140 3.5 4385 122.125
4 Green gram 845 31.75 3550 158.25 4395 190
5 Black gram 2608 65.2 9545 238.625 12153 303.825
6 Bengal gram 0 0 360250 10557.45 360250 10557.45
7 Jowar 356 35.6 150 15 506 50.6
8 Maize 6596 659.6 6940 694 13536 1353.6
9 Bajra 634 63.4 0 0 634 63.4
10 Ragi 736 18.4 647 16.175 1383 34.575
11 Sesamum 455 26.39 450 26.1 905 52.49
12 Castor 108 8.64 0 0 108 8.64
13 SunFlower 15 1.2 105 8.4 120 9.6
14 Cowpea 2264 37.08432 1560 25.5528 3824 62.63712
15 Korra 59 1.239 0 0 59 1.239
16 Horsegram 1199 20.383 732 12.444 1931 32.827
17 Rajmah 0 0 2225 167.20875 2225 167.20875
18 Soybean 440 9.0904 0 0 440 9.0904
19 Dhaincha 60990 2415.204 600 23.76 61590 2438.964
20 Sun hemp 25930 1357.4355 920 48.162 26850 1405.5975
21 Pillipesara 21260 1690.17 125 9.9375 21385 1700.1075
  Total 751678 19792.873 431557 12841.452 1183235 32634.325

Subsidy Calculated As Per 2018-19 Approved Prices Except Green ManurePromotion Of New Varieties

To promote new varieties a State Level Standing Committee has been formed as per the instructions of Government of India. The Committee has discussed with various Research Institutes regarding the new crop varieties which can be promoted in AP through subsidy scheme.

Seed Rolling Plan for Three years:

  1. A three year Seed rolling Plan has been prepared and variety wise requirement and production of Certified seed / Foundation seed / Breeder seed for next 3 years has been finalized
  2. It is decided to promote new varieties for different crops (which are less than 10 years old) and supply them under subsidy scheme.
  3. Further, it is also decided to supply popular old varieties which are preferred by the farmers under the Seed Rolling Plan for Three Years.

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)

  1. RKVY scheme was initiated in 2007 as an umbrella scheme for ensuring holistic development of agriculture and allied sectors by allowing states to choose their own agriculture and allied sector development activities as per the district/state agriculture plan. The scheme has come a long way since its inception and has been implemented across two plan periods (11th and 12th). Till 2013-14, the scheme was implemented as an Additional Central Assistance (ACA) to State Plan Scheme with 100% central assistance. It was converted into a Centrally Sponsored Scheme in 2014-15 also with 100% central assistance. Since 2015-16, the funding pattern of the scheme has been altered in the ratio of 60:40 between Centre and States (90:10 for North Eastern States and Himalayan States). For Union Territories the funding pattern is 100 % central grant.
  2. RKVY scheme incentivizes States to increase public investment in Agriculture & allied sectors. Under RKVY, States have been provided flexibility and autonomy for selection, planning approval and execution of projects/programs under the scheme as per their need, priorities and agro-climate requirements. The funds are released to the State Governments/UTs on the basis of projects approved in the State Level Sanctioning Committee Meeting (SLSC) headed by the Chief Secretary of the concerned State, which is the empowered body to approve projects under the scheme. It is for the State Govt. to further implement the scheme in the State as per its requirement in areas which requires focused attention for increasing production and productivity in the State.
  3. The Cabinet has approved ( as on 1st November 2017) for continuation of the ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme (State Plans) - Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) as Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied Sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR) for three years i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20 with a financial allocation of Rs. 15,722 crores with broad objectives of making farming a remunerative economic activity through strengthening the farmer’s effort, risk mitigation and promoting agri-business entrepreneurship. Under RKVY-RAFTAAR, major focus is on pre & post-harvest infrastructure, besides promoting agri-entrepreneurship and innovations.
  4. Funds under RKVY-RAFTAAR would be provided to the States as grant by the Central Government in the following streams.

A. Regular RKVY-RAFTAAR -70% of annual outlay will be allocated among States as per criteria under following heads.

  1. Infrastructure and assets- 50% (of 70%) of regular RKVY-RAFTAAR outlay- pre-harvest infrastructure- 20%, post-harvest infrastructure- 30%
  2. Value addition linked production projects (agribusiness models) that provide assured/ additional income to farmers including Public Private Partnership for Integrated Agriculture Development (PPPIAD) projects- 30% (of 70%) of regular RKVY outlay.
  3. Flexi funds- 20% (of 70%) of regular RKVY-RAFTAAR outlay. States can use this fund for supporting any projects as per their local needs preferably for innovative activities in agriculture and allied sectors.

B. RKVY-RAFTAAR special sub-schemes – 20% of total annual outlay - based on national priorities as notified by Govt. of India from time to time for development of region and problem specific areas.

C. Innovation and agri-entrepreneur development - 10% of annual outlay-for encouraging innovation and agri-entrepreneurs through skill development and financial support. It will support incubates, incubation centers, KVKs, awards etc. These funds will be with Central Govt. (DAC&FW) including 2% of administrative costs at the Centre. In case the funds not utilized, it will be diverted to regular RKVY & sub-schemes.

Sub-Mission for Seed and Planting Material (SMSP)

Sub-Mission for Seed and Planting Material (SMSP) under National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET) will be implemented. SMSP will cover the entire gamut of seed production chain, from production of nucleus seed to supply of certified seeds to the farmers, to provide support for creation of infrastructure conducive for development of the seed sector, support to the public seed producing organizations for improving their capacity and quality of seed production, create dedicated seed bank to meet unforeseen circumstances of natural calamities, etc. The other Central Sector Scheme implemented by Seed Division, viz., Implementation of PVP Legislation has also been subsumed under the SMSP.

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