Rice (Oryza Sativa) is the second highest produced grain in the world after corn (maize). It is the most important grain with regard to human nutrition and calorific intake, providing more than one fifth of the calories consumed by worldwide by the human species.Andhra Pradesh ranking 3rd position in Production. And produces 128.95 lakh tons of rice in India. It is a leading rice producer with a production of 12% of total rice produced in the country.

Rice is the Principal food crop cultivated throughout the state providing food for its growing population, fodder to the cattle and employment to the rural masses.In Andhra Pradesh paddy is the major crop cultivated in more than 22 lakh hectares during Kharif and Rabi seasons. 13 districts of Andhra Pradesh are producing rice crop out of which West Godavari, East Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and Chittoor are the major producers. In fact West Godavari, East Godavari and Krishna are three most important rice producing districts not only of Andhra Pradesh but of the whole of India. West Godavari, and East Godavari districts considered as rice bowl of Andhra Pradesh.

To Sub-serve the interests of farming community of Andhra Pradesh and also ensuring supply of seed to the farmers and also accelerating spread of high yielding varieties. APSSDCL has organizing certified seed production through individual growers in Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, West Godavari, Krishna and Chittoor districts.On an average APSSDCL producing and distributing 2 lakh quintals of paddy through subsidy and general sales of different varieties which suits to different agro climatic zones of Andhra Pradesh.

Proper planning and execution of time bound seed Production of different varieties and introducing New varieties in Paddy such as MTU-1075, MTU-1153, MTU-1156 and MTU-1121 etc, As a new initiative to go for general sale from Kharif 2020 distribution season APSSDCL introducing new packing sizes of 10 and 20 kgs to cater the needs of farmers A.P.

The brief description of important varieties where APSSDCL organizing production as follows.

S.NO Crop/Variety Year of release Age Special features
1. MTU-1156 (Tarangini) 2015 4 Tolerant to BPH and Blast, 2 weeks dormancy
2. MTU-1153 (Chandra) 2015 4 2 weeks dormancy and high HRR
3. MTU-1121 (Sridhruti) 2015 4 Resistant to BPH and blast,
4. RNR-15048 (Telangana sona) 2015 4 Tolerant to blast
5. NLR-34449 (Nellore Mashuri) 2009 10 Tolerant to blast, saline soils
6. MTU-1064 (Amara) 2009 10 Tolerant to BPH, BLB & submergence,
7. MTU-1075 (Pushayami) 2008 11 BPH tolerant, non-lodging
8. NLR-33892 (Parthiva) 2006 13 Tolerant to blast
9. MTU-1061(Indra) 2006 13 Tolerant to BPH and salinity
10. UMA 1998 21 Resistant to Brown plant hopper and GM Biotype-5. Dormancy up to 3 weeks
11. NLR-30491 (Bharani) 1996 23 (RTV resistance)
12. RGL-2537(sklm sannalu) 1996 23 Resistant to blast and tolerant to gallmidge
13 MTU-1001 (Vijetha) 1995 24 BPH and blast tolerant,
14 ADT-39 1988 31 Resistant to Blast and sheath rot
15 ADT-37 1987 32 Seed dormancy 60 days
16 BPT-5204 (Samba Mashuri) 1976 33 Fine grain and best cooking quality
17 MTU-7029 (SWARNA) 1982 37 Bacterial blight tolerant
18 BPT-3291(sona mashuri) 1982 37 Resistant to blast and tolerant to gallmidge
19 CR-1009 (SAVITHRI) 1982 37 Resistant to blast
20 MTU-3626 (Prabhat) 1978 41 Tolerant to BLB
21 JYOTHI 1974 45 Moderately tolerant to Brown plant hopper and blast