Jowar is grown in different agro climatic conditions in the State. The crop is raised both in rainy and post rainy seasons depending on soil, rainfall and other climatic factors of the region. The crop is mainly grown in red, chalka soils during kharif and in medium to deep black soils during maghi and rabi seasons. It is largely grown as a sole crop in rabi and kharif. In some parts of the state kharif jowar is also intercropped with Red gram. It has occupied rice fallows replacing maize. It is very important crop to the resource poor farmers for nutritional and livelihood security. Lower income group people living in arid and semi-arid tropics are at high risk from deficiencies of calories and micronutrients especially deficiencies of iron, zinc and vitamins, as they cannot afford to have variety of food items in their diet. Jowar provides nutritious food with high fibre content, non gluten content, minerals and slow digestibility. This crop can constantly help to meet out the needs of their animal feed and fodder, and will continue to be grown by dryland farmers in the foreseeable future due to their ability to withstand climate vagaries. Jowar is the principal food grain crop in the state which is sown in both Kharif and Rabi seasons mostly under rained conditions. The area under Jowar is 1.4 lakh hectares in the state with productivity of 23.82 q/ha during 2017-18. This crop is predominantly grown in the districts of Kurnool, Guntur, and Anantapur which together account for 79.29% of the total area in the state during the year 2017-18. Kurnool District alone accounted for 37.86 % of the State total Area.