BlackGram

Black gram (Vigna Mungo L.), is one of the important pulses crop, grown throughout the country. The crop is resistant to adverse climatic conditions and improve the soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. It has been reported that the crop produces equivalent to 22.10 kg of N/ha., which has been estimated to be supplement of 59 thousand tonnes of urea annually. It is generally grown in kharif/rainy and summer season.It grows best in hot and humid condition with ideal temperature range between 25 to 35oC. Black gram does well on heavier soils such as black cotton soils which retain moisture better The pulse 'Black gram' plays an important role in Indian diet, as it contains vegetable protein and supplement to cereal based diet. It contains about 26% protein, which is almost three times that of cereals and other minerals and vitamins. Besides, it is also used as nutritive fodder, specially for milch animals. Black gram does well on heavier soils such as black cotton soils which retain moisture better Area under Blackgram cultivation in Andhra Pradesh was 3.18 lakh ha.Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh are major black gram growing states

Description of important varieties where APSSDCL organizing production as follows.

S.NO Crop/Variety Year of release Duration Yield qtl/ha Special features
BlackGram
1 PU-31 2018 75-80 12-15 Tolerant to YMV
2 GBG-1 2018 75-80 12-15 Tolerant to YMV
3 TBG-104 2016 75-80 15-16 Tolerant to YMV
4 IPU-2-43 2008 80 15-16 Tolerant to YMV